Croatia occupies the largest part of the eastern coast of the Adriatic sea which, as a part of the Mediterranean sea, penetrates deepest into European soil. Croatia’s shoreline and numerous islands enjoy the majority of the Adriatic coastline. The narrow Dinara mountain range separates the country’s Mediterranean region from its central European continental part, which spans from the easterly edges of the Alps in the North-West to the shores of the Danube in the East, encompassing the southern part of the fertile Pannonian lowlands.
The mainland covers an area of 56,594 km2.
Territorial waters cover a surface area of 31,067 km2.
Croatia has 4,429,078 inhabitants.
Composition of population:
The majority of the population are Croats, with the largest minorities being Serbs, Bosnians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Italians and Albanians.
System of government:
Croatia is a multi-party parliamentary republic.
With 779,145 inhabitants, Zagreb is the economic, transport, cultural and academic centre of the country.
Length of the coastline:
6,278 km, of which 4,398 km is made up of island coastlines, solitary rocks and reefs.
Number of islands, solitary rocks and reefs:
1,244. The largest islands are Krk and Cres. There are 50 inhabited islands.
Dinara, 1,831 m above sea level.
Interior is moderately warm and rainy, while Croatia’s highest peaks have a mountain climate which includes snowfall. The areas along the Adriatic coast have a pleasantly mild Mediterranean climate with a large number of sunny days, summers are hot and dry and winters are mild and wet.
Average temperatures in the continental interior are: January -2 to 0 oC, with somewhat lower temperatures at the highest altitudes; August approximately 20 oC, with around 12 oC at the highest altitudes. Average temperatures in the Littoral (Adriatic Coast) are: January -5 to 9 oC, August -22 to 25 oC. The sea temperature in winter is 12 oC and approximately 25 oC in summer.
The official currency in Croatia is the kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices and in the majority of tourist information offices, hotels and campsites.
Credit cards (Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners) are accepted in almost all hotels, marinas, restaurants, shops and cash machines.
220 V, frequency 50 Hz
Tap water is safe to drink in all of Croatia!
A valid passport or some other identification document recognised by international agreement; for certain countries a personal identity card is sufficient (a document which testifies to the identity and citizenship of the bearer).
Information: Diplomatic missions and consular offices of the Republic of Croatia abroad or the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of the Republic of Croatia.
Tel: +385 1 4569 964
There are hospitals and clinics located in all larger towns and cities, while smaller centres have dispensaries and pharmacies only.
Foreign visitors who are covered by health insurance in their own country are not obliged to pay for emergency medical services during a private stay in the Republic of Croatia if a convention on Social Security has been signed between Croatia and the visitors’ country of origin, i.e. if they have in their possession a certificate stipulated by such a convention confirming their right to health care. Health care (including transport) is used for emergency cases in the manner and according to regulations valid for Croatian citizens covered by Social Security, with identical participation in health care costs (participation). Persons coming from countries with which no such convention has been signed personally bear the costs of health services rendered.
For further information, please contact the Croatian Institute for Health Insurance
Tel: +385 1 4806 333
PUBLIC HOLIDAYS IN CROATIA:
1 January - New Year’s Day
6 January - Epiphany
Easter Sunday & Easter Monday
1 May - Labour Day
22 June - Anti-Fascist Resistance Day
25 June - Statehood Day
5 August - Victory Day and National
15 August - Assumption Day
8 October - Independence Day
1 November - All Saints’ Day
25-26 December - Christmas Holidays
SHOPS AND PUBLIC SERVICES WORKING HOURS:
During the tourist season, most shops are open from 8 a.m. until 8 p.m. on weekdays, and many of them are also open during the weekend. Public services and business offices work from 8 a.m. until 4 p.m., Monday to Friday.
POST AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS:
Weekdays, in smaller centres from 7 a.m. until 2 p.m. Some offices work a split shift. In most towns and tourist centres, duty post offices are open on Saturdays and Sundays.
Phone cards are used in all public telephones and may be purchased from post offices and from newspaper kiosks. International calls may be made directly from any public telephone.
IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT, CALL 112 FOR HELP!
This number can be reached any time, day or night, regardless of where you are in the Republic of Croatia or in the European Union.
Calls to this number are free of charge.
Calls can be made through all operators and all telephone devices by dialling 112.
In the event of an accident, the 112 Centre can be contacted in any one of the following foreign languages: English, German, Italian, Hungarian, Slovakian and Czech.
CALL 112! If you need:
Emergency medical assistance, The assistance of fire fighters, The assistance of the police, The assistance of the Mountain Rescue Service, The assistance of other emergency services and operative search and rescue forces.
RADIO NEWS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGES DURING THE TOURIST SEASON:
Croatian Radio broadcasts programmes in foreign languages designed for tourists in Croatia on several frequencies.
A daily programme is broadcast at 8:05 pm on Channel One, in English, for a duration of approximately 10 min.
During the summer season, Channel Two of the Croatian Radio (98,5 Mhz – northwestern Croatia and the Dubrovnik Littoral; 105.3 Mhz – Istria; 96.1 Mhz – Split; 98.9 Mhz – the Makarska Littoral; 93.3 Mhz – Gorski kotar) will broadcast, in addition to regular news and reports from HAK (the Croatian Automobile Club) in Croatian, traffic information in English and German, and in August, also in Italian. Traffic and congestion alerts from HAK are broadcast in Croatian and English.
During the summer period, on Channel Two of the Croatian Radio, news is broadcast every hour from the Third Channel of Austrian Radio and Bayern 3 in German, RAI Uno in Italian, Radio Prague in Czech, Absolute Radio in English and from the International Station of Croatian Radio – “Voice of Croatia” also in English, German and Spanish.
During the summer, Radio Prague reporters broadcast news for their nationals staying in Croatia via the following regional radio stations: Radio Split, Radio Dubrovnik and Radio Rijeka.